1990 — 2001 of release
Repair and car operation
- Identification numbers of the car
Acquisition of spare parts
Technology of service, tool and workplace equipment
Poddomkrachivaniye and towage
Engine start from the auxiliary power supply
Automobile himikaliya, cleaners, hermetics
Diagnostics of malfunctions of knots and car systems
+ Governing bodies
+ Settings and routine maintenance
+ cooling and heating Systems
+ Power supply system and release
+ engine Electric equipment
+ Control systems of the engine
+ Manual transmission
+ Coupling and transmission line
+ Brake system
+ Suspension bracket and steering
+ Onboard electric equipment
Poddomkrachivaniye and towagePoddomkrachivaniye
For a poddomkrachivaniye the car should be parked on an equal horizontal surface, whenever possible with a firm covering. In the presence of the slightest bias it is necessary to take care of precautionary measures against kickback: prop up located on a diagonal from a subject to removal a wheel protivootkatny boots, firmly cock the parking brake, include a reverse gear (RKPP), or transfer the selector lever to the situation "R" (AT). Try not to depart far from the poddomkrachenny car, especially if nearby there are children.
At performance of change of wheels before поддомкрачивать the car, remove a decorative cap and a ballonny key weaken nuts of fastening of a wheel subject to replacement. Prepare запаску.
Get a jack under the car: back domkratny points are located from back edges of door drains, at a front poddomkrachivaniye the jack is got under a stretcher.
Take care of reliability of gearing of a head of a jack. Rotating the jack handle, lift the car so that the wheel subject to replacement came off the earth. Having thrown off fixing nuts, remove a wheel and establish on its place spare. Screw wheel nuts, then lower the car on the earth, clean a jack and hold on nuts of fastening of a wheel in a diagonal order with demanded effort. Establish into place a cap. Combine and clean the tool. Do not forget to clean protivootkatny boots.
In order to avoid bumper deformation cars considered in the real Management should not be towed by means of the wrecker equipped with hummock carrying out, - try to cause the wrecker providing a separation from the earth of wheels of one axis, or equipped with a cargo platform.
Equipped RKPP of model can be towed by a front back provided that transmission is not damaged and switched to neutral transfer. The steering wheel should be fixed in rectilinear situation by means of a special towing blokirator.
Towage of equipped AT of models can be made without a separation forward wheels from the earth only with a speed no more than 50 km/h (30 miles/h) and there is nothing on 30 km (18 miles). If these conditions cannot be satisfied owing to any exceptional circumstances, it is necessary to tow the car with a separation of forward wheels from the earth.
All-wheel drive models
Two options of towage of all-wheel drive (AWD) of models are allowed only: without a separation of wheels from the earth, or with their full separation. Default of this condition can lead to failure of the vyazkostny coupling of coupling.